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Economic History. Interuniversity Ph.D. Program

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    Prof. Juan Antonio Carmona Pidal


    About the program


    The aim of this program is to train researchers in the different branches of economic history. Upon completion of the doctoral program, they will be able to analyse, understand and resolve issues relating to the long-term economic development of societies through the analysis of available historical data. They will also be able to produce original research in the field of economic history and very long-term economic development.

    Students are expected to gain mastery of the skills, techniques and methodologies specific to economic history, a field clearly set within the sphere of social sciences due to its interdisciplinary and cross-sectional character, as well as its place at the crossroads of economics and history.

    Upon completion of the program, graduates will be ready to pursue a career in academia, carrying out research to high standards on topics within the subject of economic history, whether at a university or research centre, in both public as well as private institutions. The training provided will also mean they can carry out jobs with a heavy research component in Public Administration, in companies and in the service sector, such as the work done by consultants or research services departments.




    Universities and departments


    Doctorado en Historia Económica

    Student profile

    Students applying to this program must have extensive knowledge in the fields of applied history and/or applied economics, have a clear understading of the research methods in the social sciences, and have received advanced training, whether specific or multidisciplinary, in the development of research skills.

    Applicants should have a strong interest in the problems related to economic growth in the long term, motivation for research, capabilities for critical analysis and a creative spirit leading to the consideration of new problems, questions and solutions.

    Entry Requirements

    According to art. 6 of the PhD studies regulation (RD 99/2011), in order to access the Program it is required to have a Bachelor's degree (or equivalent) and a Master's degree (or equivalent), provided that at least 300 ECTS credits have been passed in these two cycles as a whole, or the equivalent degree qualifies for level 3 of MECES (Marco Español de Cualificaciones para la Educación Superior, Spanish Framework for Higher Education Qualifications).

    Likewise, access is available to candidates in possession of foreign degrees from countries integrated into the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) when the degree can be accredited as level 7 in the European Qualifications Framework (EQF), as long as the aforementioned degree allows access to PhD level studies in the country of expedition; and candidates with a degree which is equivalent to a Spanish Master's degree, obtained in foreign education systems outside the EHEA, as long as the aforementioned degree allows access to PhD level studies in the country of expedition.

    The Academic Commission of the Ph.D. Program has agreed on the following specific requirements that take into account the established entry routes to a Ph.D Program:

    1) Students with a Joint Master’s Degree in Economic History at the Universidad de Barcelona, the Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona and the Universidad de Zaragoza, or in the the Master’s Degree in Economic Development and Growth at Universidad Carlos III de Madrid must achieve an overall average grade of 7 or above, with a grade of 7 or above in their dissertation.

    Students applying for admission to the Ph.D. program from other programs will be required to prove that their qualifications are equivalent. The Degree Committee will be responsible for reviewing the applicant’s academic record and deciding whether they meet the criteria.

    2) Proven competence in English will be required for admission to the Ph.D. program (B1 level or equivalent), proof of which must be provided by the applicant. In the case that an applicant does not have an official language qualification the admissions committee may conduct an interview in person or online in order to assess the student’s knowledge of the language.

    3) To be admitted to the program, applications must obtain an overall assessment grade above 70%, which will be determined by the Degree Committee on the basis of the following admission criteria.

    Admission Criteria


    1. Academic record and previous qualifications. The university where the applicant studies in the past will be reviewed in detail, giving special attention to any previous training in subjects in economics, history and economic history. Modules with a research component will also be specifically reviewed. Applicants must prove they have undergone enough training to allow them to undertake research in the field of economic history.
      Weight: 45%
    2. Curriculum Vitae. Knowledge in the fields of economics, history and economic history will be considered an advantage. Attendance and participation in courses and scientific conferences, experience in research related activities (writing dissertations, participation in research projects, publications, etc.) and an international academic profile will also be valuable. 
      Finally, the committee will consider positively any teaching experience in the subjects of economics, history and economic history, as well as in other subjects.
      Weights: 30%
    3. Personal statement. The applicant's personal statement must clearly reflect the motivation behind undertaking doctoral training in the field of economic history. The committee will value the applicant's interest in a particular research area or project in which he would like to work in the future, as well as the applicant's expressed interest in the work of a member of staff from one of the departments involved in the program. In some cases, a personal statement may be supplemented with an interview.
      Weight: 20%
    4. Letters of recommendation from previous teachers or individuals closely involved in the professional development of the applicant. The academic commission will review favourably any letters of recommendation from previous teachers detailing past performance of the applicant both in the module(s) taught by him/her and overall in the degree (we normally ask teachers to explain where they would place the applicant among all the students they have taught over the years). These letters must cover the analytical skills of the candidate, his education and motivation.
      Weight: 5%


    Seats available for the academic year: 10



    • Academic Committee

      Prof. Juan Antonio Carmona Pidal
      Departament of Social Sciences. Director of the Program

      Prof. Dácil Tania Juif
      Departament of Social Sciences.

      Prof. Carlos Santiago Caballero
      Departament of Social Sciences.

    • Faculty

      Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

      • Álvarez Nogal, Carlos
      • Battilossi, Stefano
      • Carmona Pidal, Juan
      • Domènech Feliu, Jordi
      • Fernández, Eva
      • Houpt, Stefan
      • Juif, Dácil
      • Martinelli, Pablo
      • Mulhoff, Katharina
      • Nicolini, Esteban
      • Prados de la Escosura, Leandro
      • Santiago Caballero, Carlos
      • Simpson, James
      • Tena Junguito, Antonio


      Further information:  Social Sciences Department


      Universitat de Barcelona

      • Benaul Berenguer, Josep Maria 
      • Carbonell Esteller, Montserrat 
      • Castañeda Peirón, Lluís 
      • Catalan Vidal, Jordi
      • Colomé Ferrer, Josep 
      • Fernández Pérez, Paloma 
      • Gutiérrez Poch, Miquel 
      • Herranz Loncán, Alfonso 
      • Planas Maresma, Jordi 
      • Ramon Muñoz, Ramon 
      • Sánchez Suárez, Álex 
      • Soto Company, Ricard 
      • Sudrià Triay, Carles 
      • Tello Aragay, Enric 
      • Valls-Junyent, Francesc 
      • Yáñez Gallardo, César Roberto 


      Further information: Ph.D. Program in Economic History (Universitat de Barcelona)


      Universitat de Valencia

      • Tirado Fabregat, Daniel A. (Coordinator)
      • Betrán Pérez, Concepción
      • Calatayud Giner, Salvador 
      • Cubel Montesinos, Antonio
      • Pons Brias, Mª Ángeles 


      Further information: Ph.D. in Economic History (Universitat de Valencia)


    In addition to the elaboration of the doctoral thesis, students must do some training aimed at improving their research skills and the scientific quality of their work. This training is structured in the following subtypes:


    Specific training



    • Research in Economic History Worskhop.
      10-hour workshop taught in English during the month of October, focused on the following subjects, among others:

                            1) Elaboration of a Ph.D. thesis in Economic History. How to analyze a paper.

                            2) Quantitative papers.

                            3) Qualitative papers.

                            4) How to write and publish a research paper in Economic History.

    • Ph.D. students seminar.
      In this seminar, which takes place on an annual basis in May and June, students must present their thesis project upon completion of their first year; a paper or thesis chapter during the second year, and the final thesis a few months prior to the defense. This seminar is attended by professors and students alike. Attendance is mandatory for all Ph.D. students.


    • Preparation and publication of a paper or work document. This activity is required prior to the deposit of the thesis.



    • Annual interuniversity sessions on Economic History.
      Annual meeting where students from all three universities do a presentation in English of their research outcomes. All students in the program are invited to participate in these meetings as of their second year.
    • Specialized courses on subjects of Economic History and Research in Economic History.
      According to the availability of resources each year, a number of specialized courses will be hosted by either professors from the universities participating in the program or  guest professors.
    • Participation in the Economic History seminar hosted by the department of Social Sciences. Students are expected to attend at least half ot the sessions.
    • Participation in conferences.
    • Attendance to summer school courses.
    • Research visits at foreign academic centers.


    Research skills training


    Research skills training is focused on abilities common to all disciplines for the development of scientific and educational skills and the improvement of the professional career. This training consists of different activities (short courses, seminars, etc.), which can be recommended by the Academic Committee of the program.

    Further information:

    • Research Lines
      • Economic growth and integration
      • Agriculture and economic development
      • Inequality and social mobility in the long run
      • Living standards, health and well-being in historical perspective
      • Female work during industrialization
      • Economic history of developing regions
      • International migrations.
      • Human capital formation in the long run
      • Financial history
      • Industrial and company history
      • Empires and globalization, 16th to 20th centuries
      • Markets, public finances and debt in Spain and Latin America during the Early Modern Era (1500-1800)
    • Scientific results

      Publications derived from doctoral theses:


      • Ayuso-Diaz, A. & Tena-Junguito, A. (2020): “Trade in the Shadow of Power: Japanese Industrial Exports in the Interwar years”. Economic History Review. Volume 73, Issue 3, August 2020, pages 815-843.
      • Ayuso-Díaz, A. (2019): “Human Capital and Institutions on Latin American FDI (1970-2014)”. Revista Analíticos. Volume 1, Issue 1, pages 7-18.
      • Maravall Buckwalter, Laura & J. Baten (2020): "The influence of colonialism on Africa's Welfare: An anthropometric study". Journal of Comparative Economics. 2020.
      • Maravall Buckwalter, Laura (2019): “Factor Endowments on the 'Frontier': Algerian Settler Agriculture at the Beginning of the 1900s". Economic History Review. Vol. 73, Issue 3, pages 758-784.
      • Maravall Buckwalter, Laura & J. Baten (2019): "Valkyries: Was Gender Equality High in the Scandinavian Periphery since Viking Times? Evidence from Enamel Hypoplasia and Height Ratios". Economics and Human Biology. Vol. 34, pages 181-193, January 2019-April 2019.
      • Maravall Buckwalter, Laura (2019): "The Impact of a 'Colonizing River': Colonial Railways and the Indigenous Population in French Algeria at the turn of the Century". Economic History of Developing Regions. Vol. 34, nº 1, pages 16-47.
      • Gómez León, María (2020): "The Kuznets Curve In Brazil, 1850-2010". Revista de Historia Economica.
      • Gómez León, María & HJ De Jong (2019): "Inequality in turbulent times: income distribution in Germany and Britain, 1900–50". The Economic History Review, Vol. 72 (3), pages 1073-1098.
      • Gómez León, María (2019): "The rise of the middle class in Brazil, 1850–1950". European Review of Economic History, Vol. 23 (4), pages 482-498.
      • Marechaux, Benoit (2020): "Los asentistas de galeras genoveses y la articulación naval de un imperio policéntrico (siglos XVI-XVII)". Hispania, Vol. 80 (264), pages 47-77.
      • Marechaux, Benoit (2020): "Business organisation in the Mediterranean Sea: Genoese galley entrepreneurs in the service of the Spanish Empire (late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries)". Business History. 2020.
      • Marechaux, Benoit (2018): “Consuls vénitiens en Méditerranée orientale (1575-1645)” en M. Aglietti, M. Herrero Sánchez y F. Zamora Rodríguez (eds.). Los cónsules de extranjeros en la Edad Moderna y a principios de la Edad Contemporánea. Madrid, Doce Calles, pages 145-158.
      • Quoc-Anh & Galbiati, Roberto & Marx, Benjamin & Ortiz Serrano, Miguel Angel (2020): "J'Accuse! Antisemitism and Financial Markets in the time of the Dreyfus Affair". CEPR Discussion Papers, 14826, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
      • Ortiz Serrano, Miguel Angel (2018): "Political connections and stock returns: evidence from the Boulangist campaign, 1888–1889". Financial History Review, Vol. 25, Issue 3, December 2018, pages 323–356.
      • Kisling, Wilfried (2019): “A Microanalysis of Trade Finance: German bank entry and coffee exports in Brazil, 1880-1913”. European Review of Economic History.
      • Timini, Jacopo (2020): "The drivers of Italian exports and product market entry: 1862-1913”. European Review of Economic History, forthcoming, 2020.
      • Timini, Jacopo (2020): “Staying dry on Spanish wine: The rejection of the 1905 Spanish-Italian trade agreement”. European Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 63.
      • Timini, Jacopo (2019): “An estimation of the effects of Brexit on trade and migration”. Campos R. & J. Timini. Banco de España Occasional Paper, Vol. 1912, May 2019.
      • Timini, Jacopo (2018): “Currency Unions and Heterogeneous Trade Effects: The Case of the Latin Monetary Union” 2018, European Review of Economic History, 22(3), pages 322-348.
      • Herbert S. Klein & Sergio T. Serrano Hernández (2019): “Was there a 17th century crisis in Spanish America?”. Revista de Historia Económica-Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 37- 1, 2019, págs. 43-80
      • Absell, C. D. & Tena-Junguito, A. (2018): "The reconstruction of Brazil’s foreign trade series, 1821-1913". Revista de Historia Económica-Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 36 (2018), pages 87-115.
      • Absell, C. D. & Tena-Junguito, A. (2017): "The  Brazilian Export Economy, 1822-1913’. In S. Kuntz-Ficker, ed., The First Export Era Revisited: Reassessing its Contribution to Latin American Economies (Cham, 2017), pages 113-152.
      • Absell, C. D. & Tena-Junguito, A. (2016): "Brazilian export growth and divergence in the tropics during the nineteenth century". Journal of Latin American Studies, 48 (2016), pages 677-706.
      • Gómez Blanco, V. M. (2019): "Dinero, poder y ascenso social. Motivos y beneficios de la adquisición de oficios en la Castilla moderna". In García-Guerra et al. (ed.) De la nobleza y la caballería en la Edad Moderna, New Digital Press, pages 205-230.
      • Lopez Cermeño, Alejandra & K. Enflo (2019): "Can kings create towns that thrive? The long-term implications of new town foundations". Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 112, pages 50-69 10
      • Lopez Cermeño, Alejandra (2019): "The driving forces of service localization during the twentieth century: evidence from the United States". European Review of Economic History, Vol. 23 (2), pages 145-174
      • Lopez Cermeño, Alejandra (2019): "Do universities generate spatial spillovers? Evidence from US counties between 1930 and 2010". Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 19 (6), pages 1173-1210
    • Scientific publications

      Notable scientific publications from the UC3M faculty of the PhD program:

      • Alvarez Nogal (2020): "Economic Effects of the Black Death: Spain in European Perspective" (with L. Prados de la Escosura and Carlos Santiago). Investigaciones de Historia Económica / Economic History Research, 16 (4), 2020, pp. 35-48 
      • Alvarez Nogal (2018): “Refinancing short-term debt with a fixed monthly interest rate into funded juros under Philip II: an asiento with the Maluenda brothers” (with C. Chamley). Economic History Review, 71-4, 2018, pp. 1100-1117
      • Alvarez Nogal (2016): “Philip II against the Cortes and the credit freeze of 1575-1577” (with C. Chamley). Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 34-3, 2016, pp. 351-382.
      • Alvarez Nogal (2013): “The Rise and Fall of Spain (1270-1850)” (with L. Prados de la Escosura). Economic History Review, 66-1, 2013, pp. 1-37.
      • Battilossi, S., R. Escario and J. Foreman-Peck (2013): "Fiscal policy response to cycles under tworegimes: Spain 1959-1998". Cliometrica, 7 (3), pp. 267-294.
      • Nicolini, E. (2021): “Comparing Income and Wealth Inequality in Pre-Industrial Economies: the case of Castile (Spain) in the eighteenth-century” (with Fernando Ramos-Palencia). Forthcoming in European Review of Economic History.
      • Nicolini, E. (2020): “Regional Growth and the Persistence of Regional Income Inequality in Argentina in the First Half of the Twentieth Century" (with Florencia Aráoz). Journal of Latin America Studies 52, 293-316.
      • Nicolini, E. (2018): “Growth and Regional Disparities in South America, 1890-1960” (with Marc Badía-Miró and Henry Willbelald). Journal of Interdisciplinary History 49, 1, 117-139.
      • Juif, Dácil (2018): "From coercion to compensation: institutional responses to labour scarcity in the Central African Copperbelt" (with Frankema, Ewout). Journal of Institutional Economics, 14(2), 313-343.
      • Juif, Dácil (2015): “Skill Selectivity in Transatlantic Migration: The Case of Canary Islanders in Cuba”. Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, 33: 189-222.
      • Martinelli, Pablo (2014): "Von Thünen South of the Alps: access to markets and interwar Italian agriculture". European Review of Economic History 18 (2), 107-143.
      • Martinelli, Pablo (2014): "Latifundia revisited: Market power, land inequality and agricultural efficiency. Evidence from interwar Italian agriculture". Explorations in Economic History 54, 79-106.
      • Katherina Mulhoff (2021): "Why Covid19 will not be gone soon: Lessons from the institutional economics of smallpox vaccination in 19th century Germany". Working Paper. Available from Mar 02 2021.
      • Tena, Antonio (2018): “Mexico´s foreign trade in a turbulent era (1821-1879)" (with Sandra Kuntz). Revista de Historia Económica–Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, Vol. 36, No. 1: 149–182.  doi:10.1017/S0212610917000222.
      • Tena, Antonio (2017): “Lewis revisited: tropical polities competing on the world market 1830-1938” (with Giovanni Federico). The Economic History Review, Volume 70, Issue 4, pages 1244–1267.
      • Tena, Antonio (2017): “A tale of two globalizations: gains from trade and openness 1800–2010” (with Giovanni Federico). Review of World Economics, Volume 153, number 3, pp.601-626. 
      • Domènech, J. and Juan F. Fernández (forthcoming): "Socio-economic determinants of survival in a Nazi concentration camp: the experience of Spanish prisoners at Mauthausen". Journal of Interdisciplinary History 43, 1–45.
      • Domènech, J. and Pablo Martinelli (forthcoming): "Spontaneous or programmatic? Land occupations during Spain’s Second Republic (1931-1936)". Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History , 1–36.
      • Sergi Basco, Jordi Domènech, and Joan R. Rosés (2021): "The redistributive effects of pandemics: Evidence on the Spanish flu". World Development 141, May 2021
      • Domenech, J. and Francisco Herreros (2018): "Land reform and conflict before the civil war: landowner response to tenancy reform in 1930s Catalonia". The Economic History Review 71, 1322–1348.
      • Herreros, F. and Jordi Domènech (2018): "Pre-war grievances and violence against civilians in civil wars. evidence from the Spanish civil war in Catalonia". International Journal of Conflict and Violence 12, 1–26.
      • Domenech, J. and Francisco Herreros (2017): "Land reform and peasant revolution. evidence from 1930s Spain". Explorations in Economic History 64, 82–103.
      • Prados de la Escosura, L. (2013): "Human Development in Africa: A Long-run Perspective". Explorations in Economic History, 50 (2), pp. 179-204.
      • Santiago Caballero (2021): "The gender gap in the biological living standard in Spain. A study based on the heights of an elite migration to Mexico, 1840-1930". doi: 10.1016/j.ehb.2021.100993
      • Santiago Caballero (2020): "Intergenerational occupational mobility in nineteenth century Spain (Valencia), 1841-1870". Revista de Historia Económica / Journal of Iberian and Latin American Economic History, pp. 1–46.
      • Alvarez Nogal, Prados de la Escosura and Santiago Caballero (2020): "Growth Recurring in Preindustrial Spain: Half a Millennium Perspective". EHES Working Paper | No. 177 | March 2020
      • Santiago Caballero (2011): "Income inequality in central Spain, 1690-1800". Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 83-96.
      • Simpson, James and Juan Carmona (2020): Why Democracy Failed: The Agrarian Origins Of The Spanish Civil War. Cambridge University Press.
      • Carmona, Juan, Joan Roses and James Simpson (2019): “The question of land access and the Spanish Land Reform of 1932”. The Economic History Review, 2019, 72 (2) 669-690.  
      • Simpson, James, and Juan Carmona (2017): “Too many workers or not enough land? Why land reform fails in Spain during the 1930s”. Historia Agraria, 2017, 72, 37-68.
      • Carmona, Juan, Markus Lampe and Joan Rosés (2017): "Housing Affordability during the Urban Transition in Spain". The Economic History Review 70-2, 2017, pp 632-658.
      • Carmona, Juan and Joan Roses (2012): "Land Markets and Agrarian Backwardness (Spain, 1900-1936)". European Review of Economic HIstory", 2012, 16-1, 74-96.



    Thesis defense


    The doctoral thesis consists of an original research work developed by the Ph.D. candidate student in the field of knowledge of the program that enables the student for autonomous work in the field of R+D+ i.

    Universidad Carlos III de Madrid and the Doctoral School establishes the follow-up procedures to guarantee the quality of the doctorate's training and supervision. It also facilitates the procedures for the proper evaluation and defense of the doctoral thesis.


    Further information:

    • Overview
      Información Práctica de los Estudios de Doctorado


      Our Ph.D. programs focus on the acquisition of skills and abilities required to undertake high-quality research work within the strategic framework and lines of research of the university. Students will be expected to work independently under supervision and guidance of top experts in their fields in order to produce novel, groundbreaking research work in the form of a dissertation.

      The Ph.D. thesis constitutes the expected outcome of the doctoral training, stating the specifics of the research work and results. The thesis must meet the high-quality standards required by the Ph.D. program and be subject to public defense and assessment by an independent thesis committee.

      A favorable assessment of the thesis enables Ph.D. students to request their official Ph.D. degree certificate, issued by the Spanish Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte.


      Doctoral training calendar 

      Duration of the academic year: October 1st through September 30th

      Process Period
      Admission According to the start semester of the PhD:

      Second semester of the 23/24 academic year
      Admission application deadline: September 1st 2023 through January 31st 2024 (23:59 h., CET) 
      PhD start date: March 30th 2024

      First semester of the 24/25 academic year
      Admission application deadline: February 1st through August 31st 2024 (23:59 h., CET) 
      PhD start date: November 15th 2024
      Enrollment According to the start semester of the PhD:

      Enrollment period for new students
      First semester: July 24th through 30th and September 1st through 30th (23:59 h., CET) of the current academic year
      Second semester: March 1st through 30th (23:59 h., CET) of the current academic year

      Enrollment period for continuing students
      September 1st through 30th (23:59 h., CET) of the current academic year
      Annual Assessment  June
      All PhD candidates are subject to annual evaluation.

      Only students whose June evaluation was unfavorable are subject to evaluation. 

      In both cases the evaluation is based on the progress of the thesis project (Reseach Plan) and the doctoral activities carried out during the academic year.
      Thesis Defense Thesis defense can be carried out throughout the academic year.
    • Procedures
    • FAQ

      Ph.D. Studies

      Parque de las Moreras

      What is a Ph.D.?

      A Ph.D. is a period of training in skills and abilities required to undertake independent, high-quality research work in the realm of R&D under the supervision of top experts in their respective fields.

      What are the terms of access to a Ph.D. program?

      As a general rule, candidates are required to hold a Bachelor’s and a Master’s degree. Credits for both must amount to at least 300 ECTS credits.

      Additionally, specific requirements and candidate profiles are described in each program’s terms of access. Before applying for admission, it is strongly recommended to take the  Ph.D. Programs into consideration, as well as its lines of research, profiles of the scholars involved and final results (theses and scientific publications) as proof of the program’s quality and specialization.

      Shat is the duration of a Ph.D.?

      The regular duration of a full-time Ph.D. program is 4 years. This period can be extended up to 5 years.

      The regular duration of a part-time Ph.D. program is 7 years. This period can be extended up to 8 years. 

      You may apply, for justified reasons, for either an extension or a leave of absence from your Ph.D. training period to the Academic Committee of your program. Your request must be endorsed by your tutor/advisor. Further information:  Duration of Ph.D. studies

      Can I do my Ph.D. entirely online?

      No. All Ph.D. Programs require some face-to-face activity throughout the training period. The duration of face-to-face activity is established by each Program.

      How can I apply for a part-time enrollment status?

      You can state your part-time enrollment status upon admission or, once you have initiated your training period, by submitting a request for justified reasons to the Academic Committee of your program. Your request must be endorsed by your tutor/advisor. Further information:  Enrollment status for Ph.D. studies

      If you are the recipient of a pre-doctoral contract with the UC3M, you must be a full-time student for the entire duration of the contract in application of article 21 of Law 14/2011, of  the1st of June, on Science, Technology and Innovation.

      Must I take any other training in addition to my research work?

      Yes. There are three different types of additional training to be taken during your Ph.D.:

      • Complementary training. Applicable only to students whose terms of admission state this training as required.
      • Specific training. Activities within the framework of your Ph.D. program.
      • Research Skills training. Courses or activities focused on abilities common to all disciplines (communication, academic writing, stress management, etc.).

      Further information on Doctoral Training: Monitoring and Development of these FAQ.

      A favorable assessment enables students to apply for their official Ph.D. degree certificate issued by the Spanish Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte. An additional Doctorado Internacional distinction is awarded to students who met a number of specific requirements during their training period.

      What is an Interuniversity Ph.D.?

      Interuniversity PhDs are joint degree programs by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid in collaboration with other Spanish or international institutions. The outcome of these programs does not translate into multiple degrees but just one equivalent to the training undertaken by the student.


      How can I apply for admission to a Ph.D. program?

      Your application for admission must be submitted online. Signing in is previously required in order to get your login and password. Further information on how to carry out this process:  Apply for admission

      I have not completed my Master’s degree yet. May I apply for admission now?

      According to art. 6 of the PhD studies regulation (RD 99/2011), in order to access the PhD studies it is required to have a Bachelor's degree (or equivalent) and a Master's degree (or equivalent), provided that at least 300 ECTS credits have been passed in these two cycles as a whole, or the equivalent degree qualifies for level 3 of MECES (Marco Español de Cualificaciones para la Educación Superior, Spanish Framework for Higher Education Qualifications).

      Likewise, access is available to candidates in possession of foreign degrees from countries integrated into the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) when the degree can be accredited as level 7 in the European Qualifications Framework (EQF), as long as the aforementioned degree allows access to PhD level studies in the country of expedition; and candidates with a degree which is equivalent to a Spanish Master's degree, obtained in foreign education systems outside the EHEA, as long as the aforementioned degree allows access to PhD level studies in the country of expedition.

      When can I apply for admission?

      Applications for admission for the first semester of the 24/25 academic year with start date on the 15th of November 2024 can be submitted from February 1st through August 31st 2024 (Spanish peninsular time, CET)*

      Applications for admission for the second semester of the 24/25 academic year with start date on the 30th of March 2025 can be submitted from September 1st 2024 through January 31st 2025 (Spanish peninsular time, CET)*.

      *Except where noted in the details of each Ph.D. Program.

      The PhD academic year begins on October 1st and ends on September 30th. 

      What documents do I need to submit?

      Scan in advance, in pdf format, the documentation requirements to be attached to your application. The documents listed below are mandatory in all cases:

      • National Identity Document: DNI, NIE, or passport
      • Previous degree certificate or diploma (Master’s degree or equivalent), or proof of payment of issuance fees. 
      • Academic transcript of previous degree (Bachelor's and Master’s degree or equivalent), including grades
      • Curriculum Vitae
      • Authorization of disclosure of educational and employment information
      • Ph.D. research proposal
      • Endorsement for thesis project

      Some programs may require additional documents, such as reference letters by notable researchers, foreign language skills certificate, etc.

      Can I choose when to start my doctoral training?

      Yes. As a new student, you must state in your application for admission whether you want to start your training in the first semester (November 15) or second semester (March 30).

      I want to apply for a scholarship or financial aid program. Must I do it before or after applying for admission to a Ph.D.?

      It is strongly recommended to apply first for your Ph.D. program of choice at uc3m, as most of the granting institutions require proof of admission (or application for admission) to a Ph.D.

      Further information on Scholarships and Financial Aid Programs of these FAQ.

      I submitted my application. When will I know if I am admitted?

      The review process of your application consists of two stages:

      • Administrative validation. Your application will be reviewed at the Doctoral School Office on campus to ensure that it meets the admission requirements. You will be contacted if necessary.
      • Academic evaluation. If your application has succesfully passed the previous stage, it will be forwarded to the Academic Committee of the Ph.D. program for review. You will be notified of the Committee's decision by certified mail sent to the postal address provided in your application.

      This process may take up to one-two months. You will be notified of the Committee’s resolution by e-mail.

      I have been admitted. When must I submit my enrollment form?

      In you are admitted to a Ph.D. program, you have to submit your online application for enrollment in the periods set by the university to that effect, according to the instructions indicated in your letter of admission, our website or the Enrollment section of this FAQ, including the payment of tuition fees. If you do not submit your enrollment for the academic year for which you were admitted, your admission will be cancelled.

      Doctoral training scholarships. Exemptions

      Campus Getafe

      What types of financial aid programs can I apply for?

      There is a wide variety of financial aid programs for doctoral training that cover partial or total tuition fees and, in some cases, allow uc3m to formally hire the Ph.D. student as a training researcher.

      Who are the awarding bodies?

      Here is a list of the most common scholarship and financial aid programs:

         - Formación de Investigadores del Ministerio de Innovación / Researchers Training by Ministerio de Innovación (formerly known as FPI scholarships)
         - Formación de Profesorado Universitario del Ministerio de Educación / University Faculty Training by Ministerio de Educación (formerly known as FPU scholarships)
         - Researchers Training by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, awarded by the institution departments
         - Ph.D. Scholarships by La Caixa
         - Ph.D. Scholarships by Comunidades Autónomas (Autonomous Regions of Spain)
         - Scholarships by Fundación Carolina (for Latin American students)

      Further information:  Doctoral Training Scholarships

      When and how can I apply for these?

      Each granting body has its own application and awarding periods. It is strongly recommended to apply first for your Ph.D. program of choice at uc3m in all cases, as most of these institutions require proof of admission (or application for admission) to a Ph.D.


      Do I have to be admitted to a Ph.D. in order to apply for admission?

      It is not required in most cases, but, as pointed out previously, you must have at least submitted your application for admission in order to be eligible (check the awarding institution’s specific terms). Only if you are eventually granted the scholarship or financial aid will it be required to be admitted and enrolled on the program in order to accept the aid and be hired as a training researcher at uc3m.


      I received a scholarship or financial aid. Do I have to notify uc3m?

      Yes. As a recipient of any financial aids, it is recommended to notify the university for these to be applied upon enrollment. If your scholarship status is not registered in your self-enrollment application, please contact the Doctoral School Office, either in person or by e-mail at


      Where will I undertake my Ph.D. research work?

      Your research and teaching activities (when applicable) will be carried out at the department or Institute stated in your contract within the framework of your Ph.D. program under the supervision of the tutor and advisor(s) appointed by the Academic Committee.

      Who is in charge of managing my scholarship or financial aid program?

      Granting institutions usually delegate on uc3m the management of these aids according to the terms originally established by those and our own rules and regulations.


      Who is to evaluate the progress and outcomes of my research work?

      All our Ph.D. students must submit the progress of their research work for evaluation by the Academic Committee of their Ph.D. program. Recipients of any financial aid program must also provide this information to the granting body.


      Are there any other tuition fees exemptions?

      Yes. As a new student, if you are eligible for any of the following exemptions or discounts recognized by the Spanish administration, you must submit certified copies of the pertinent documents to the Postgraduate Office on campus before enrollment proceedings so that these exemptions apply upon enrollment.

      • Large Family status: Certified copy of the Large Family status card (general or special)
      • Disability: Certified copy of Disability Identification card (minimum 33% disability)
      • Other: Certified copy of proof of exemption for victims of terrorist attacks (including their spouses and children) or children of civil and military servants who perished in the line of duty.

      These documents must be valid for the academic year for which the exemption is requested.


      How to enroll

      Our Ph.D. Management platform allows to process your enrollment online. To access the platform, enter your UC3M username and password.

      When to enroll               

      New students can choose the start date of the Ph.D. studies. Enrollment period varies accordingly:

      Students starting first semester:

      • Enrollment period: July 24 through 30 and September 1st through 30th (23:59 h., Peninsular Spanish time)
      • Start date of Ph.D. training: November 15 

      Students starting second semester*:

      • Enrollment period: March 1st through 30th (23:59 h., Peninsular Spanish time)
      • Start date of Ph.D. training: March 30

      *In these cases, students benefit from a reduced tuition fee, applicable only for first-year enrollment.

      Your start date will determine the length of your Ph.D. training period.

      As a continuing student, the enrollment period is September 1st through 30th (23:59 h., Peninsular Spanish time) of each academic year.

      What modules should I register on my application?

      You must select the following modules of your enrollment application:

      • Ph.D. Monitoring for your doctoral training year. 

      Required in all cases. It will be registered by default in your application. 

      • Complementary credits.

      Only applicable if the Academic Committee of your program established these credits as obligatory in its admission resolution, in which case you have been properly notified in your admission letter. These credits will be registered by default in your application.

      Other activities of your doctoral training may not require enrollment. If so, our Doctoral School Office is in charge of the registration process:

      • Specific training: Activities included in the curriculum of your Ph.D. program. 
      • Research Skills training: Only required for students of some Ph.D. programs.  

      What are the costs of tuition fees?

      These are the tuition fees for all your Ph.D. training:

      1. Academic fees

      Academic monitoring of Ph.D. training year.  

      • Ordinary fee (full-time, starting first semester): 390 €.
      • Reduced fee* (full-time, starting second semester): 234 €.
      • Reduced fee (part-time, starting first or second semester): 234 €.

                  *Full fees will apply in subsequent years.

      Training credits

      • Complementary training (only for students who are required to take these credits as established in their resolution of admission). If the subjects are the same as subjects from an official degree, the price will be the same as in the original degree. The prices range from € 45,02 to € 80-150 €, depending on the master's program and the doctoral year of enrollment (first, second or subsequent).
      • Research Skills training courses. 45,02 € per credit. Credits from other institutions also require an enrollment at UC3M . A reduced 25% fee will apply in these cases (11,25 € per credit).

      Thesis defense. 143,15 €

      Ph.D. Degree Certificate. 229,86 €

      1. Administrative fees
      • Registrar’s Office expenses. 6,11 €
      • Academic record proceedings (first-year students only). 27,54 €
      1. School insurance. 1, 12 €. Applicable to Spanish or international students (legal residents) under 28 years of age.

      Students who fail to fulfill the payment of these fees will be dismissed from the Ph.D. program.

      Further information:  Tuition fees

      How do I validate my first-year enrollment?

      Upon completion and payment of your enrollment, the Doctoral School will get in touch with you and set an appointment to provide the original documents to have your enrollment validated in compliance with the access requirements to Ph.D.


      According to your previous studies, the documents to be submitted are listed below: 

      1. If you have taken an official Master's degree at UC3M, you are not required to submit any documents. The Doctoral School will check your records accordingly.

      2. If your access degree for Ph.D. was issued by a University from Spain or a European Union country, or a state of the European Economic Area or Switzerland, it is required to provide the following original documents: 

      • Access degree certificate for Ph.D. (Master's degree or equivalent) or payment receipt of issuance fees.
      • Grades certificate of access degree to Ph.D. (Master's degree or equivalent).

      3. If your access degree for Ph.D. was issued by a University from a country other than the ones indicated above, it is required to provide the following legalized documents:

      • Access degree certificate for Ph.D. (Master's degree or equivalent) or payment receipt of issuance fees.
      • Grades certificate of access degree to Ph.D. (Master's degree or equivalent).

      There are different ways to have your documents legalized. Find which legalization procedure applies in your case:  Legalization of Foreign Degrees

      Please note that the legalization procedure must be carried out from the home country. It is strongly recommended to do it in advance. 

      Original hard copies of the documents must be provided along with their photocopies. The Doctoral School will check both originals and their copies and have them certified. If the degree certificates and documents have an electronic signature or digital certification (with safe verification codes), these will be submitted by e-mail at

      All documents must be submitted in Spanish, English, French, Italian or Portuguese (certificates and degrees provided in other languages must have attached an official Spanish translation).  

      The submission period will be notified by e-mail within a month after the end of the enrollment period.

      What are my rights and obligations as a uc3m student?

      Please refer to the following documentation issued by the regional authorities and uc3m. All of them apply to Ph.D. candidates at Uc3m.

      • Students Statute of the Region of Madrid (Estatuto del estudiante de la Comunidad de Madrid)
      • uc3m students Rights and Obligations (Carta de los derechos y deberes del estudiante en la uc3m)
      • Rules and Regulations of the Doctoral School at uc3m (Reglamento de la Escuela de Doctorado de la uc3m)
      • Good Practices of the Doctoral School at uc3m (Código de buenas prácticas de la Escuela de Doctorado de la uc3m)

      Additionally, you have access to the university's support services to students and researchers.

      Further information:  Rules and Regulations

      Ph.D. Studies: Monitoring and Development

      Biblioteca María Moliner

      How are my Ph.D. supervisors appointed?

      Ph.D. tutors and advisors are advanced members of the uc3m faculty or other research institutions who serve as mentors of your research work and keep track of your progress. They also facilitate your communication with the Academic Committee of the program.

      Tutors are appointed by the Committee upon your admission. Tutors must hold a Ph.D. degree and have ties with the program, as well as a proven track record in research of at least six years (or proof of equivalent qualifications).

      The Committee will also appoint an advisor within three months from initial enrollment on the program. Thesis advisors must hold a Ph.D. degree and have a proven track record in research of at least six years (or equivalent qualifications), as well as specific research experience in the field of your thesis. Advisors' may be based at any university, center or institute in Spain or abroad. A professor may be appointed as both tutor and advisor of a Ph.D. student.

      The Academic Committee may change these designations throughout your doctoral training period for justified reasons.

      Must I take any other training in addition to my research work?

      Yes. There are three different types of additional training to be taken during your Ph.D.:

      • Complementary training. Maximum: 40 ECTS credits. Applicable only to students whose terms of admission state this training as required. The Academic Committee will determine the credit-based courses or subjects in the admission resolution. As a general rule, this training must be taken during the first year.
      • Specific training. Students are also expected to participate in a number of activities relevant to their field of research: seminars, meetings, conferences, courses, etc. These activities may require prior enrollment at uc3m. Your tutor or advisor will confirm the contents of your specific training program.
      • Research Skills training. Some Ph.D. programs at uc3m require training in research skills focused on abilities common to all disciplines (communication, academic writing, stress management, etc.). These credits can be earned at either uc3m or other institutions and require formal enrollment at uc3m in all cases, as well as the approval of your tutor or advisor.

      How is the progress of my research evaluated?

      The Academic Committee of your program will evaluate the progress of your research project and activity report on an annual basis in the month of June. Grounds for evaluation are to be registered in the following documents:

      • Research Plan. Not to be mistaken for the research proposal submitted when applying for admission. As a new Ph.D. student, you must elaborate an initial Research Plan within the first year of your doctoral training period. This plan will serve as a tracking tool of your project, listing the objectives and methodology of your research as well as a comprehensible timeline stating the periods estimated for the achievement of each goal. It must have attached your tutor or advisor's evaluation report in order to be submitted for assessment to the Academic Committee of your program.

      An annual update of this Plan must be submitted in subsequent years, with the corresponding tutor or advisor’s evaluation report, so that all parties involved in your doctoral training can track and assess your progress.

      • Activity Report. In addition to your Research Plan (initial or updated), it is also required to register any activity relevant to your Ph.D. research: courses, seminars, meetings, conventions, publications, international fellowship programs, etc. Be sure to have attached all certificates and/or work papers as proof of completion.

      In the event of an unfavorable assessment by the Academic Committee, you will be subjected to evaluation again in December.


      Can I join an international research visit program?

      Yes. Undertaking a period of research abroad is a requirement for Doctorado Internacional distinction eligibility. Among other requirements, your visit must have a minimum duration of three months; also, the report of activities and outcomes of your research at the host institution must be written and presented in one of the languages used for scientific dissemination in your field of research (different from any of Spain’s official languages). Prior approval by your tutor/advisor and the Academic Committee of your program is required. The Committee will evaluate your visiting research reports and, if approved, submit your candidacy for the Doctorado Internacional distinction to the Doctoral School Board.

      Thesis defense

      Biblioteca Carmen Martin Gaite

      What is a Ph.D. thesis?

      The Ph.D. thesis is the intended outcome of the doctoral training period. The thesis must give account of the student’s scientific work and meet the quality standards established by the Academic Committee of the program. Theses are defended in a public dissertation event, where they are subjected to assessment by an expert committee.

      As a general rule, Ph.D. candidates must have been enrolled on their program for a minimum period of 24 months before initiating thesis defense proceedings.

      I have approval to proceed to the thesis defense. What are the stages of this process?

      Once you get approval for your thesis defense by your tutor, advisor and Academic Committee, a minimum span of 8 weeks (excluding holiday periods) is usually required to go through these stages:

      1. Plagiarism management procedure
      2. Thesis deposit. Three weeks.
      3. Approval of thesis defense and appointment of Thesis Committee by the Dean of Doctoral School. One week.
      4. Defense session logistics. Three weeks.
      5. Thesis defense

      What is the plagiarism management procedure?

      To ensure compliance with the principles established in the Code of Good Practice for Managing Plagiarism of Ph.D. Theses of the Doctoral School, all theses must be subjected to a plagiarism management procedure prior to the authorization of the defense.

      Once the Academic Committee of your Ph.D. program determines that your research period is done and your thesis is ready for deposit, a pdf file of the thesis will be submitted to the Doctoral School to proceed to the plagiarism management.

      The results of this study will be at the disposal of the members of the thesis committee, should they be requested.

      Further information:  Plagiarism management

      What is the thesis deposit?

      The deposit of your thesis enables UC3M professors and scholars of your field to review your work before the defense. The deposit period is 15 days (excluding August), after which all comments and observations by the experts will be reported to the Academic Committee and yourself. 

      Further information:  Thesis deposit

      Who approves the defense?

      Once your thesis has successfully passed both stages, the Academic Committee of the program will elaborate their proposal for thesis defense, providing details of the proposed members of the Thesis Committee on the Authorization of thesis defense and appointment of Thesis Committee. Eligibility for “Doctorado Internacional”, “Doctorado Industrial” or International Cotutelle must be indicated, where applicable.

      This proposal will be submitted for the Dean of the Doctoral School's approval of the thesis defense and the appointment of Thesis Committee members.

      Who can be a member of the Thesis Committee?

      The Thesis Committee consists of three members (President, Secretary, and a spokesperson) and a substitute. All of them must hold a Ph.D. degree and a proven track record in research. In all cases, the Committee will be formed by a majority of members external to the University and to the institutions collaborating with the School or the Ph.D. Program.

      Further information:  Defense session. Appointment of Committee members

      How is the thesis defense organized?

      Once all authorizations are signed, the Thesis Committee’s Secretary will appoint a date for the defense. The Doctoral School Office on campus will be in charge of the logistics of the event (room reservations, technical equipment, etc.) and the travel procedures of the committee members, when applicable.

      Additionally, the Postgraduate Office will submit a digital copy of the thesis to each member of the Thesis Committee at least 15 days prior to the defense session. This file will contain any allegation or comment submitted by the experts during the deposit period.

      Further information:  Defense session. Appointment of Committee members

      Do I have to pay any fees before the defense?

      Yes. The payment of thesis defense fees must be fulfilled before proceeding to defense. Additionally, payment of enrollment fees for the academic year in which the defense takes place must be up to date.

      How is my thesis assessed?

      All Committee members must receive a copy of the thesis 15 days prior to the defense event.

      Once the Ph.D. candidate completes his/her dissertation, the Committee can provide feedback or pose questions. Their global assessment will be given in terms of Fail (No Apto), Pass (Aprobado), Good (Notable) or Excellent (Sobresaliente).

      Theses with an Excellent (Sobresaliente) grade are eligible for the cum laude distinction. The committee members will subsequently cast their votes via separate secret ballot in closed session. Only if all votes are favorable will the committee submit their proposal for the thesis to be awarded the cum laude distinction to the university Chancellor. In this case, each member of the committee will finally cast their vote, anonymously and in a sealed envelope, for the thesis to be considered for the Outstanding Thesis Award by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid.

      How can I apply for my Ph.D. certificate?

      Your application for the official Ph.D. degree certificate and the payment of the corresponding fees is done online.

      Issuance of your certificate may take a few months. Until then, you may apply for a temporary certificate as proof of completion of your Ph.D. studies as of the date of your thesis defense.

      Where is my Ph.D. thesis published?

      Your thesis will be published in e-archivo, the open online repository of Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, and Teseo the Ph.D. database managed by the Ministry of Universities. In the event of partial or temporary restrictions pertaining to the publication of your thesis, you must report them to the university.

      Glossary of terms

      Ph.D. Program. Array of training and activities oriented to the acquisition of abilities required to undertake autonomous research work in the realm of R&D. Each Ph.D. program establishes their own procedures and lines of research for the development of theses within the framework of their respective fields.

      Academic Committee. The coordinator/director of the program and two other Ph.D. members constitute a program's Academic Committee, the body in charge of the various training areas and research progress of the program, as well as the authorization of thesis defense of their Ph.D. candidates.

      Doctoral School. Academic body in charge of the management and coordination of all Ph.D. programs.

      Ph.D. Thesis. Original piece of research carried out by Ph.D. candidates in their field of knowledge. Presented as a written dissertation according to the quality, content and format guidelines set by the Ph.D. program for its public defense.

      Tutor. Supervisor in charge of tracking the training progress of the Ph.D. candidate and serving as a communication link between the researcher and the Academic Committee. Tutors must be attached to uc3m faculty with a proven research track record. Tutors are appointed upon approval of admission by the Academic Committee.

      Thesis advisor. Supervisor in charge of tracking the training progress of the Ph.D. candidate. Advisors are experts in the field of the Ph.D. candidate's research, not necessarily attached to uc3m faculty (if they are, they can also be appointed as tutors). Advisors are appointed within the first three months of the student's Ph.D. training period. A student may have more than one advisor.

      Specific training. Specific activities pertaining to the field of research of each Ph.D., designed to provide students with the knowleddge and opportunity for debate required for the development of their research work: seminars, meetings, conferences/dissertations, international research visits, etc.

      Research Skills training. Training activities oriented to the acquisition of skills common to all disciplines. All students are required to earn at least 6 credits (60 hours) throughout their doctoral training period. Enrollment on these courses is performed separately from their regular doctoral training.

      Complementary training. Maximum 40 ECTS credits. Training that the Academic Committee may deem necessary in their admission resoluction in order to complement the Ph.D. candidate's previous academic background. Enrollment on these credits will be required in addition to the student's regular doctoral training. These credits are usually earned during the first Ph.D. year. 

      Research plan. Document to be drafted within the first six months of Ph.D. training detailing the student’s research project to be subjected to annual evaluation every month of June. It must be approved by the tutor, the thesis advisor and the Academic Committee. This plan must be updated and submitted for review and evaluation purposes on a yearly basis.

      Ph.D. Activity report. A registration account of all training activities pertaining to the Ph.D. student's research. The tutor and thesis advisor must endorse these activities for them to be submitted to the Academic Committee for annual evaluation in June. 

      Student record. Academic details of every Ph.D. student as registered in uc3m databases, including activities and credits completed. This information is to be attached to the thesis in the final stages of defense approval.

      Academic transcript. Official document signed by the Head of Doctoral Studies certifying a student's academic record.

      Monitoring and assessment. Annual process by which the research progress and activities of a Ph.D. candidate are subjected to evaluation by the Academic Committee.

      Written Agreement. Document signed by all parties involved in a thesis research project (Ph.D. student, tutor, advisor/s, and Academic Committee) stating their roles and specific conditions pertaining to confidentiality agreements, copyright or use and distribution of research outcomes, where applicable, as well as conflict resolution procedures.

      Thesis public review. Procedure required to allow the academic community to review the student's thesis and issue comments and observations prior to the defense. The thesis is usually deposited at the university's intranet.

      Thesis defense. Academic event open to the public in which Ph.D. candidates defend their research work before a committee of experts in their field. The defense is followed by a question and answer session led by the defense committee in order for it to give their assessment.

      Defense committee. Committee consisting of three experts with proven track records of research in the field of the thesis, most of which must be based outside uc3m. The committee gives their assessment of the thesis and awards the cum laude distinction and the Outstanding Thesis Award candidacy, where applicable.

    • Itinerary
      Itinerario Estudiante de Doctorado
    • Regulations
    • Quality


      Implementation Year: 2017-2018


      The Academic Committee of the Ph.D. complies with the SGIC-UC3M It is responsible for the quality analysis of the program and produces the Degree Reports ("Memoria Académica de Titulación").



    Bienvenida Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

    Doctoral School Office | Getafe Campus

    Carmen Martín Gaite Building, Office 18.0.A15
    C/ Madrid, 135
    28903 Getafe (Madrid)