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New 5G-based system for sanitary emergency situations

UC3M, 5TONIC and SAMUR-PC have cooperated in the project


5TONIC, the open research and innovation laboratory on 5G technologies, founded by Telefónica and IMDEA Networks, has presented, together with SAMUR-PC and the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), a new system for situations 5G-based emergency plan, developed under the European innovation project 5G-TRANSFORMER.

Nuevo sistema para situaciones de emergencia sanitaria basado en 5G

The demo shows a 100% automatic system that allows to reduce the time of action and minimize errors, which implies a higher percentage of survival in emergency situations. The system allows personalized attention to have the patient's medical data such as, among others, the pulse and blood test values. These values ​​are shown in real time to the doctor in augmented reality glasses to facilitate their flow of decisions when attending to the patient. This allows a personalized diagnosis and emergency treatment to be fully customized, since conceptually the system could even have the patient's medical history at that time.

The application of augmented reality assists the medical personnel attending the emergency in three aspects: on the one hand, it shows you how to get to the geographical position where the patient is; on the other hand, it allows accessing to clinical parameters at real time and when they are needed to bring easier medical decisions; and finally, it allows sending a video stream taken in situ at the emergency site to remote medical centers to enable assistance from other centers or doctors who can help in the specific case. All this is achieved using intelligence on the edge of the network (also known as Edge computing), one of the technologies that will allow 5G to have the precise characteristics to offer services with a minimum delay and a great transfer of data, as the augmented reality has.

As for technological elements, the system is composed by the smartwatch mobile device that monitors the patient's constants and connects to a 5G mobile; by an evolved patient monitoring and emergency monitoring center from which the patient’s condition in whom an alarm has been activated is checked, as well as the status and location of SAMUR-PC emergency equipment and from where it is carried out all coordination of the emergency device. Additionally, the ambulances are equipped with technology that allows real-time monitoring of the case and the sanitary professionals to obtain additional valuable information thanks to the augmented reality glasses.

The technology and proof of concept of this 5G-based emergency system has been developed within the European project H2020 5G-TRANSFORMER, coordinated by UC3M, in which Telefónica, SAMUR-PC and Ericsson also participate (together with 14 other institutions of first level). The technology developed includes very relevant aspects for the advancement of 5G, such as the dynamic orchestration of resources, including the automatic deployment of functions in the "edge" and the multi-domain federation between operators.

"Testing this type of advanced 5G emergency response systems at 5TONIC is essential to validate and demonstrate the advantages that these systems will provide. In the immediate future in which monitoring and health applications for people in mobile phones and smart watches It is increasingly common and advanced, integration with mobile networks and health care systems, enables automation scenarios and emergency coverage never seen before," explains 5TONIC Vice President Arturo Azcorra, Director of the IMDEA Networks Institute and Professor of the Department of Telematic Engineering of the UC3M.

“5G technology would allow us to have a lot of information before our arrival, such as the patient's location and clinical data. In addition, we could explore other possibilities such as automatic alerts in certain pathologies such as hypoglycemia, hypoxia situations in respiratory patients, loss of consciousness, etc. All this in relation to the possibilities that 5G offers us to monitor a large number of chronic patients such as heart, hypertensive, respiratory or diabetic patients,” says Javier Quiroga, Head of the Organization Support Division of SAMUR-PC.

"5G technology, thanks to its ability to dynamically adapt the network to meet demanding latency and capacity requirements (both in terms of bandwidth and computing), will be able to have a direct impact on society, improving response times to health emergencies. The use of these 5G technologies also makes possible the integration of augmented reality mechanisms, which have a direct and extremely useful application in the case of medicine" affirms the 5G-TRANSFORMER project coordinator, Carlos J. Bernardos, Professor of the Department of Telematic Engineering at UC3M.